Title: Understand Child and Young Person Development
Unit number: Unit 1/
1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years Expected pattern of development birth – 19 years old: stages (0-3) (3-7) (7- 12) (12-16) (16 -19) years;
Sequence usually same for all children;
The rate of individual development;
The effects of premature births;
Also low weight babies; multiple births
0 – 3 Years old
Birth to 3 Months:
1.1 From birth babies move there heads head’s and arm this moves down through to legs and feet. New Born babies turn their head side to side when their cheek is stroked, which aids in feeding. Babies can turn their head side to side when laying on their backs or belly and can bring both hands together at the chest or mouth at the age of 1 month old. 3 - 6 Months:
1.1 At 3 months of age, babies progresses to lifting their head and chest up when lying on their belly and may press up with its arms. At 3 to 4 months old the baby can kicks their legs and move arms when laying on their backs and also bats and try to grasp at toys, according to Healthy Children. A 5 to 6 months old baby begins rolling belly to back and back to belly closer to 6 months old. 6 - 7 Months:
1.3 At 6 months Baby can raise their hands above their body Sits with proper support
Begins finger feeding
Babbles and laugh
Changes tone of voice to express their self
Starts to chuckle. Their brains develop enough to form sounds in an effort to communicate. Imitates integration: understands they can get attention y making noise and banging objects.
1.2 At 7 months a normal healthy baby can sit up by themselves, crawl around also hold on to chair or table and pull themselves up to start taking steps. If you place an object like a toy in front of the baby tempting him or her to reach forward to grab the item or toy up. Babies fine their motor skills and also start to improve movement. Babies also like to put toys in their mouths and rub their gums. When it is time for dinner they can also have solid food to eat especially when the babies are been weaned off the mushy baby food. 8 - 12 months
According to writer, Stehanie Labandz, Babies also start to utter their first words – despite mum’s best efforts; this is often “dada”! Initially, babies use “mama” and “dada” indiscriminately, but as they get older, they learn who’s who. Reading simple books to your baby now will help their speech and build the vocabulary of words that they can understand. Your baby will be ready for small portions of puréed meat and other proteins, such as lentils. If he seems to dislike a food, wait a few days and try it again. You can also introduce easy-to-grasp finger foods, such as soft bread, banana, cheese and steamed vegetables. Introduce one new food at a time and wait three days before introducing another one, in case of any allergic reaction. Your baby should also start eating lumpier purées at about this age. Babies also learn to take their first steps by holding on to furnitu.re independently while supervised. By now baby has hand to eye coordination and watches you brush your hair then baby can imitate by holding a brush to brush their own hair. They watch you hold a phone to talk and copied your movements. Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/109222-physicaldevelopment-children-ages-years/#ixzz2FIE0iK9v Mar 15.| By Stephanie Labandz
http://www.livestrong.com/article/109222-physical-development-children-ages-years 12 months old - 3 years old
Weight is now approximately 3 times the child's birth weight. Respiration rate varies with emotional state and activity.
Rate of growth slows.
Head size increases slowly; grows approximately 1.3 cm every six months; anterior fontanels is nearly closed at eighteen months as bones of the skull thicken. Anterior fontanel closing or fully closed, usually at the middle of this year. Chest...
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