powerpoint life stages

Topics: Sociology, Emotion, Puberty Pages: 38 (5255 words) Published: January 20, 2015
GCSE Double Award
Health & Social Care
Revision

Unit 3. Understanding personal development &
relationships.
LIFE STAGES:







Infancy
Childhood
Adolescent
Adulthood
Later adulthood

0 – 3 years old
4 – 10 years old
11 – 18 years old
19 – 65 years old
65+

The 4 main areas where growth & development can occur are:

1.
2.
3.
4.

Physical
Intellectual
Emotional
Social

Unit 3. Understanding personal development &
relationships.
GROWTH
Is an increase in physical size or mass or weight
DEVELOPMENT
The way a person develops new skills and abilities/ applies to intellectual, emotional and social development.
ASPECTS OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT:

Likes to be with friends

Prefers to go around in large groups

Joins in with peer group activities

Could try drugs/alcohol/smoking

Likes going to parties

May go out with colleagues from work

May be attracted to members of the opposite sex

Unit 3. Understanding personal development &
relationships.

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT - MILESTONES IN INFANCY 0 – 3 years old AGE

ACTIVITY

3
months

Babies can sit with their head held steady for a few seconds if supported.

6
months

Babies have more strength & muscle control. Can lift head, sit with support & turn their heads to look around. Can pull themselves up when their hands are grasped.

9
months

Can sit unsupported for 10 minutes. Starting to move independently by rolling or crawling. Can pull themselves to stand, & can stand for a few moment holding on to something for support.

12
months

Can get from a lying position to a sitting position without help. Can crawl rapidly. Can walk by holding onto furniture & stand alone for a few moments.

15
months

Toddlers can get to their feet alone. They can walk & crawl upstairs.

18
months

Infants can run, walk upstairs & crawl downstairs.

2 years

Infants can walk downstairs

3 years

Infants can climb on play equipment, ride a tricycle & throw & catch a ball.

Unit 3. Understanding personal development &
relationships.

INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT - MILESTONES IN INFANCY 0 – 3 yrs old AGE

ACTIVITY

3 months

Babies make noises when they are spoken to.

9 months

Babies practise making sounds, repeating syllables like mum-mum, dad-dad. Begin to learn that the sounds their carer make mean something. Understand a couple of words like ‘no’ and ‘bye-bye’.

12
months

Know their own name and understand several words. Understand simple commands with gestures such as ‘give it to mummy’.

15
months

Understand & obey simple commands e.g. ’bring it here’. Can say a few words & understand many more.

18
months

Try to join in with nursery rhymes. Soon After this they try to put a few words together to make simple sentences.

2 years

Can use 50 words and understand many more.


years

Infants use 200 words. Can say a few nursery rhymes. Ask questions all the time, such as ‘what’s that?’

3 years

Have learnt a lot more words and can carry on simple conversations with adults.

Unit 3. Understanding personal development &
relationships.

EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT:



Babies have little control over their bodies and only have simple emotions. As they get older they develop a wider range of responses to emotions. These are connected with other forms of development.



A 6 month old baby may begin to be shy of strangers and for example a 2 year old child may show they are jealous of a brother or sister.



At 2 years an infant cannot control how they respond to their emotions and will often have tantrums when frustrated, by 3 they can better control their emotions.



The way infants are treated by carers affects their developing selfconcept, if they are encouraged & treated kindly, they will feel better about themselves.

Unit 3. Understanding personal development &
relationships.

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT:







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