Preschool Case Study

Topics: Jean Piaget, Developmental psychology, Play Pages: 92 (4871 words) Published: June 8, 2013
Preschooler
  Case
  Study
  on
  Learning
  and
  Cognitive
  Development

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Preschooler
 Case
 Study
  on
 Learning
 and
 Cognitive
  Development
 
 
Student
 Name:
 Xinning
 Zhu
  Student
 Number:
 608940
  Subject
 number:
 EDUC90701
  Word
 Count:
 2025
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  EDUC90701
 
 
 
  Xinning
 Zhu
 
  608940
 
 
 
 
 
  Apr,
 2013
  1
 

Preschooler
  Case
  Study
  on
  Learning
  and
  Cognitive
  Development

 

 
  Introduction:
 
This
  essay
  will
  mainly
  discuss
  how
  learning
  underpins
  cognitive
  development
  in
  early
  childhood
  settings
  and
  the
  different
  perspectives
  on
  this
  domain
 of
 development.
 It
 will
 assess
 the
 child’s
 cognitive
 development
 through
  a
 case
 study.
 
  In
  Piaget’s
  perspective,
  learning
  is
  spontaneous
  and
  self-­‐directed,
  dependent
  on
  a
  child’s
  current
  developmental
  level
  and
  a
  proper
  stage.
  Being
  an
  active
  and
  motivated
  learner,
  a
  child
  learns
  to
  interact
  with
  the
  environment,
  build
  on
  knowledge
  from
  his
  previous
  experience.
  He
  learns
  through
  assimilation
  and
  accommodation
  and
  reaches
  equilibrium
  (Piaget,
  1977).
  The
  richer
  the
  environment
  is,
  the
  more
  stimulation
  he
  will
  have
  to
  weave
  new
  situations
  into
  the
  existing
  schemes.
  However,
  learning
  and
  development
  are
  more
 than
 what
 Piaget
 believed.
 In
 fact,
 they
 are
 inter-­‐related
 (Vygotsgy,
 1978),
  which
  means
  while
  learning
  comes
  from
  the
  current
  development,
  it
  should
  as
  well
  take
  the
  role
  of
  leading
  the
  development
  to
  a
  whole
  new
  level.
  Learning
  underpins
 development
 through
 the
 interaction
 with
 adults,
 teachers,
 and
 more
  advanced
 people,
 because
 learning
 is
 not
 only
 based
 on
 the
 fruit
 of
 development,
  but
 also
 becomes
 the
 root
 of
 a
 new
 development.
 
  Learning
 underpins
 development
 in
 two
 major
 aspects.
 In
 contrast
 to
 Piaget
  (1977)
 who
 believed
 that
 play
 is
 simply
 a
 form
 of
 assimilation,
 Vygotsgy
 believed
  that
  it
  enhances
  development
  as
  a
  form
  of
  learning
  in
  social
  skills,
  memory,
  language
 and
 reasoning
 (Berk
 &
 Winsler,
 1995).
 Through
 interacting
 with
 others,
  the
  child
  embeds
  the
  social
  speech
  and
  private
  speech
  into
  his
  inner
  speech
  (Vygotsgy,
 1978);
 by
 playing
 with
 the

References:  K.
 (2010).
  Apr,
 2013
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