Psy 244

Topics: Developmental psychology, Child development, Infant Pages: 41 (10466 words) Published: April 22, 2014

Psychology 244
Instructor: L.J. Harris

PSYCHOLOGY 244

MIDTERM EXAMINATION

Spring, 2014

Study Guide

Organization of Examination and Questions From Which Test Questions Will be Drawn

All questions on the examination will come from the lectures (Topics I – X) and the assigned chapters and parts of chapters in the textbook. To help frame the questions for you, they will be organized under the same main headings and subheadings used in the Lecture Notes. The only exceptions will be a few subheadings that pertain to material covered only in the text. Under each heading will be a mix of true-false and multiple-choice questions, and possibly a few analogies, with all answers to be recorded on a scantron sheet. Along with the true-false and multiple-choice questions, there may be a few short essay questions to be answered directly on the test booklet.

Because the test organization will follow the organization of the lectures, be thoroughly familiar with the material presented in lecture. For textbook readings, focus first on the material most related to lecture, but keep in mind that not every topic listed in your lecture notes was covered in lecture.

The questions in this guide are not in the multiple-choice or true-false style, but they are a good sampling of questions that will be worked into those styles for the examination. If you can answer these questions, you should be well-prepared for the examination. To give you an idea about how they will be changed into multiple-choice or true-false format, a few sample questions are provided.

The test will consist of about 75 questions, so obviously they will represent a sampling of those listed in this Guide.

Note that many of the questions ask for definitions of the vocabulary items listed in each chapter (and defined in the margins and in the glossary), so study these items along with the others not listed here. Any one of them could be incorporated into a question.

The examination is scheduled for Tuesday, March 11, so if you start soon and answer just a few questions every day, you will finish in ample time. If you wait until the last few days before the exam, you’ll be exhausted, you may not finish, and even if you do, you won’t have had the opportunity to study the material in smaller chunks over a longer period (a more efficient way to study). This Guide is in the form of a Word document, so you can type the answers directly into your computer, but before you begin, I urge you to copy the document onto your hard drive (and be sure to make a back-up copy). As always, along with my office hours, I will be available before and after class to answer any questions you may have.

As noted in the course syllabus, after you have printed the Study Guide, along with your typed or hand-written answers to any or all of the questions, you may bring it to the examination to use in any way you see fit.

I. Introduction

1. What is the basic task of developmental psychology?
a. to identify and describe the changes in behavior over time b. to uncover the processes underlying these changes
c. to explain how and why they occur (e.g., how and why they occur in a certain order, or sequence, and at certain times rather than at other times)

2. What span of time is covered by developmental psychology (note: this isn’t necessarily the time span covered in our class)? altricial, precocial, 2 years, 4 years, 7-8 years, and 10-12 years

Sample Question
The basic task of developmental psychology is:
a. to identify and describe the changes in behavior over time b. to uncover the processes underlying these changes
c. to explain how and why they occur (e.g., how and why they occur in a certain order, or sequence, and at certain times rather than at other times) d. all of the above are parts of the basic task

II. History of the Study of Development

A. Ancient Greece and Rome

1. In his treatise, Gynecology, the Greek physician Soranus...
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