Qualitative research

Topics: Developmental psychology, Jean Piaget, Child development Pages: 288 (68995 words) Published: September 21, 2014

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Psychological Development
Rationality, Morality and Identity

Second Edition

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Psychological Development
Rationality, Morality and Identity

Second Edition

David Moshman
University of Nebraska—Lincoln


Mahwah, New Jersey

Copyright © 2005 by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, by photostat, microform, retrieval system, or any other means, without prior written permission of the publisher.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers
10 Industrial Avenue
Mahwah, New Jersey 07430
Cover design by Sara Moshman
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Moshman, David. Adolescent psychological development: rationality, morality, and identity / David Moshman.—2nd ed.
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-8058-4829-0 (cloth : alk. paper)
ISBN 0-8058-4830-4 (pbk.: alk. paper)
1. Adolescent psychology—Textbooks. I. Title.
BF724.M67 2004
Books published by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates are printed on acidfree paper, and their bindings are chosen for strength and durability. Printed in the United States of America
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

To Eric and Michael,
adolescents past and present

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Introduction: Development, Psychology, and Adolescence


The Nature of Development xv

Psychological Development xvii

Adolescent Psychological Development xx

I. Cognitive Development

Piaget's Theory of Formal Operations
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Piaget's Theory of Formal Operations 7

Research on Formal Operations


The Nature of Rationality
Postformal Reasoning 17

Scientific Reasoning 20

Thinking 23

Metacognition 24

Epistemic Cognition 27





Universality and Diversity 33



The Construction of Rationality
The Construction of Metalogical Understanding 36

The Construction of Metasubjective Objectivity 40

Reflection, Coordination, and Peer Interaction 45

Conclusion 46


II. Moral Development

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development

Female Circumcision: A Case Study in Culture and Morality 49

Moral Rationality 50

Piaget's Theory of Moral Development 52

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development 54

Research on Kohlberg's Theory 57


The Nature of Morality
Conceptions of the Moral Domain 60

Prosocial Conceptions of Morality as Care 60

Eudaimonist Conceptions of Morality as Virtue 62

Cultural Differences in Conceptions of the Moral Domain


The Construction of Morality
Moral Reasoning and Moral Development 70

A Pluralist Conception of Moral Development 71

Conclusion 73




III. Identity Formation

Erikson's Theory of Identity Formation
Erikson's Theory of Personality Development 80

Erikson's Theory of Adolescent Identity Formation 82

Marcia's Theory of Identity Formation 83



The Nature of Identity
Identity as a Theory of Oneself 89

Gender, Culture, and Identity 93

Domains of Identity 97




The Construction of Identity
Developmental Process 99

Discovery or Creation 101


Ethnic Identity 104

Sexual Identity 107

Conclusion 111

IV. Advanced Psychological Development
10 Rational Moral Identity
Moral Rationality 115

Rational Identity 117

Moral Identity 121

Rational Moral Identity 123


1 1 Pluralist Rational Constructivism
Constructivism 125


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