1.2. Explain the difference between sequence and rate of development and why this is important.
Sequence of development is the stages and pattern in which a child develops and progresses through their life. All children take a general way of progressing however some will bypass some stages. All children though will come to the final goal/milestone. Children move through stages according to their age, for example for a child to start walking they will firstly sit, crawl, stand and finally take their first few steps. However some children may not crawl and go from sitting straight to standing up to walk. Most usually blind children take this path to walk where as other children prefer to ‘bum-shuffle’ rather than crawl. The sequence development emphasizes normative measurement. This is where milestones (or stages) of a child’s development is focused on. The normative measurement shows what most children can do for their age. There are many factors of life which influence these normative ranges, which give us a wide range of them, for example, cultural and social factors. Some children though may be labelled as ‘backwards’ when associated to the ‘normal’ child, however this is not true and ties in with rate of development.
The rate of development for a child is simply how fast or slow they progress through stages and milestones. Some children may reach various child development stages earlier or later than others yet each child's progress is individual and unique to them. Different children develop at different rates. Whilst the sequence of development is general and varies through cultures and societies, the rate of development is even more widely ranged. One misguided assumption is that if a child is to reach a milestone far earlier than expected by the normative they are gifted and outstanding in some way. It is perfectly normal for a baby to walk at 10 months and it is also perfectly normal for another baby to accomplish the same skill at 18 months however...
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