CYP Core 3.1: Understand child and young person development
1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth -19 years. AGE
Communication and intellectual development
Social, emotional and behavioural development
0-3 Years Between the ages of 0-1 baby’s will achieve more development within their entire life. Baby’s physical developments are usually responding to sounds and noises, grasping objects and eventually they will have more control over their body and are able to sit up and crawl. Baby’s first communication and intellectual developments are: crying, smiling, eye movements and then in time as they grow they will be able to say their first words such as ‘ ma ma or da da’. Between the ages of 6-9 months babies will smile and have eye contact with parents as well as give cuddles. By the time they reach 12 -18 months they are usually walking, using a spoon, cup and are able to feed themselves. Children will also start to separate words together and show strong attachments to parents. Children will be able show emotions such as anger (tantrums); they will respond to their name and often show concern for others.
By the time they reach 3 years old, children should be able to put on their own coat on, go to the toilet independently, wash and dry hands, have full conversations with friends, parents and carers. They will also have an increased vocabulary as well as make errors such as ‘I draw it’. Children will also show interests, likes and dislikes and be helpful and sharing to others. Children will have the cogitative development to understand how to do a puzzle and when looking at books, turn the pages by themselves.
4 -7 Years Children between the ages of 4 -7 will be using their fine motor skills such as cutting with scissors, writing and drawing as well as being able to draw facial features. Children will often say familiar phases and be able to show facial expressions. They will also become more confident in activities such as running, hoping, kicking a ball and using larger equipment. Children will also feel proud of own achievements as well as become more self-awareness and critical towards themselves. Friendships become more important and often blossom with the same sex.
7-12 years Children will continue to grow and develop, and will now be refining many of their skills. They may start to have hobbies and interests which means they are more practised in some areas, for example sport or dance. They may also be able to make very controlled finer movements such as those required for playing an instrument or sewing. Girls will start to show early signs of puberty, in boys puberty starts later.
12 – 16 years At this stage of development, young people will be growing stronger. Boys will start to go through puberty and many girls will have completed the process and have regular periods. As a result, between these ages there can be a variety of height and strength. At the end of this stage, most boys will be taller than most girls, on average. Boys and girls will want to become more independent and show signs of early adulthood. Young people often want to spend more time with their friends, they will also be able to express their thoughts and preferences and transfer information into an abstract way.
16 – 19 years This is the stage at which young people are adults, many girls will have reached their physical maturity, boys often will continue to grow and change till their mid-20s. Young adults become more sexual. They are also very aware of their bodies and choices such as: heterosexual, homosexual and bisexual.
1.2 Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important.
Every child will follow the standard pattern of development; however, every child is unique and will develop at their own rate. Milestones are often used to measure the level of development. For example:...
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