summarise main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years

Topics: Emotion, Developmental psychology, Infant Pages: 7 (1814 words) Published: August 16, 2014
SUMMARISE THE MAIN DEVELOPMENT OF A CHILD FROM THE AGE RANGE 0-2 YEARS, 3-5 YEARS AND 5-8 YEARS

All children grow in their own individual way throughout their developing stage and this will vary from child to child. Every child will have their own individual personality and also varying culture. However there are five stages that take place of development during the first five years of a child's life.

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
From birth to three months a baby will lie on its back, by the end of this stage the baby will be able to lift his head and will be able to kick vigorously. As time goes on the baby will be able to grasp objects, be able to control his head and attempt to put objects in their mouth. As time goes on the baby will become mobile starting with crawling and even able to walk around unaided. By the time a baby reaches its first birthday and up to the age of two it is likely he will be mobile either by crawling or walking and even climbing stairs whilst under supervision. Between the ages of 3-5 most children will have learnt how to master most methods of movement. Physical development has usually come on in leaps and bounds by this age and they should now be able to catch, kick, throw and bounce a ball. Towards the end of this stage a child should have mastered how to use various equipment, they will be confident playing simple ball games and are able to move to music. Their fine motor skills will have improved greatly and their drawings will begin to resemble their intended objects. Between the ages of 6-8 children should have the confidence to jump from certain heights, run distances and ride bicycles. Physical development will improve along with their confidence in certain areas such as playing complex games and taking part as a team member.

INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
A newborn baby has the ability to focus on objects only a few inches away from themselves. They will listen to voices and try to make eye contact. Slowly they begin to develop their co-ordination, they enjoy bright colours and will reach out for interesting objects. A child's memory will slowly begin to develop and they will start to remember things by the age of around one. They will be competent at focusing on particular aspects and will begin to understand that people have different preferences. Children around the age of two years enjoy "pretend" play. They may enjoy music and be adept at making sounds themselves from a variety of instruments. As they get older children develop deeper concentration and fine motor skills will have developed enabling the child to control a pencil more easily. At around the age of four the memory of a child will be developing very rapidly and they will be able to understand the concept of past and future. By the age of five the concepts of literacy and numeracy are beginning to take hold and many children of this age will be able to count confidently and are becoming increasingly interested in everything around them and will probably ask endless questions. Between the ages of six and eight years the child's reading and mathematical skills will have developed considerably and will be able to read and write independently. They will also take a broader view of the world around them and will develop ways to expand on their own ideas.

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
From birth to three months the only language a baby is capable of expressing is through crying, gurgling or cooing. Slowly they begin to respond to simple instructions and can be taught successfully to imitate the sounds of animals. This will continue to develop and by the age of two a child will have developed a vocabulary of around 50 words. Children of this age learn to talk at a rapid speed and they enjoy taking part in conversations. Between the ages of 3-5 a child has began to express themselves verbally, can sing songs and recite rhymes. They begin to get very inquisitive, wanting to know about many things. By the end of...
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