Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years

Topics: Child development, Developmental psychology, Childhood Pages: 6 (2264 words) Published: April 2, 2014
Assignment 1
1. Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years. There are five stages of development
(I)Physical Development
0 - 2 years
Children develop at various speeds but will all aim to reach a development stage before moving on to the next one. The first couple of month's babies don't interact much, they usually just are on their backs and are unable to support their heads. By the time they reach three months they can usually sit up and hold their heads. Some can hold objects and play with their hands. Between 9-12 months babies learn quite a lot of new things from turning over from their backs to their stomachs and crawling to reach a certain object. Usually by the time they reach their first birthday they are able to stand up some holding onto things to get around and some have probably mastered walking. You can see how proud they feel achieving this by the look on their faces. By the time they reach two years they can usually run, climb up on things and like playing with balls and throwing things and being able to fetch items as they find this quite an achievement. 3 - 5 years

Between the ages of 3-5 years it is amazing how much a child has learnt to do for themselves. Their physical co-ordination with playing with balls and how to control them is great. They love kicking a ball about. By the time they reach 5 years some will have mastered cycling a bike without stabilisers and scoot on a two wheeled scooter. They enjoy doing PE at school and participating in running and chasing games and doing exercise and sports day. 5 - 8 years

Between 5-8 years they have become more confident doing things such as enjoying making things from cardboard and paper and enjoy colouring and painting and they try to stay within the lines when colouring which they find is a great achievement. They also like music and enjoy dancing and singing along to the music. Most children have no fear of heights or water and usually by the time they reach 8 years they jump from various heights and most will be able to swim without armbands and enjoy jumping in and seeing if they can reach the bottom of the pool. Usually they will also have mastered cycling. Their balance is usually quite good and they might like trying to balance while walking on small narrow walls or try not to step on the cracks on the footpaths. From 8 years they like to take control and be the leader when playing and love creating new games. (II)Intellectual Development

0 - 2 years
When babies are born they can't focus on things and can only see objects a few inches away from their eyes. That is why when you see a baby they usually hold objects really near to their eyes. By the time they reach 3-6 months their co-ordination is improving and they like bright lights. At 6-9 months they usually need a bit more stimulation with different objects and trying to pick out the objects they are asked to and they find it quite amusing playing who's got the ball/object. Between 9-12 months a child will start remember things i.e. where's the ball or can you get ball. They usually are able to blow kisses and wave bye bye. They usually like copying people's actions and find this very funny and can express their moods. By the time they reach one they try to be independent by trying to feed themselves and do things for themselves. When they reach two years of age they are well able to amuse themselves and play by themselves. They also like the various sounds things can make and enjoy listening to music and trying to sing along to nursery rhymes and try doing the actions for various songs. 3 - 5 years

When a child turns 3 years some start pre-school nursery where their intellectual development increases so much. They are learning how to hold and control a pencil and you can recognise their drawing more clearly now. They remember loads more and some may even recognise some words. By the time they start...
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