Summarize the main development of a child from the age range; 0-2yrs, 3-5yrs & 5-8yrs

Topics: Developmental psychology, Child development, Play Pages: 8 (1685 words) Published: November 3, 2014
ASSIGNMENT 1
Summarize the main development of a child from the age range; 0-2yrs, 3-5yrs & 5-8yrs.

From birth to adulthood children are continuously growing, developing, and learning. A child’s development can be measured through physical, intellectual, language, emotional and social developmental milestones.

All children follow a similar pattern of development therefore the order in which each child progresses will roughly be the same. However, each child will develop at a different rate and their development may not progress evenly across all areas. Therefore teaching practices aimed at child development should address each one of the developmental areas consecutively.

In general, child development progresses:
From head to toe. Beginning at the top of the body and gradually moving downwards •From inner to outer. Firstly gaining control of muscles close to the trunk/head and then moving outwards so the large muscles in the shoulders and upper arms/thighs are first and the extremities last •From simple to complex; children progress from simple words to complex sentences •From general to specific; emotional responses involve the whole body in young babies but may involve only the face in an older child. Children develop physically, socially, emotionally and intellectually. All the areas of development are just as significant as each other, and they all effect one another.

Physical development includes movement skills, gross motor skills, fine motor skills and eye hand co-ordination. Age Fine manipulative skillsGoss motor skills
0-3months* recognize lights and sounds* mostly lying on their backs 3-6months* able to grasp objects* able to control their heads fairly well 6-9months* follows own hand movements with
Fascination* able to sit with aid
* turns head to sounds
9-12months* able to grasp and hold a toy* able to sit unaided for a length of time 1year* pointing to objects
* picking up objects with thumb and Forefinger
* putting small objects into container* mobile – crawling, rolling, or even shuffling. (some children may be walking) * trying to crawl upstairs
* sitting up unsupported for long periods
2years* using a spoon to self-feed
* drawing circles and dots
* building a tower of 5 to 6 bricks* throwing and kicking a ball * walking up and down stairs confidently
* climbing on furniture
3years* turning pages on a book one by one
* using a spoon without spilling
* put on and take off coat* walking on tiptoes
* throwing a large ball
* riding a tricycle
4years* buttoning and unbuttoning own clothing
* cutting out simple shapes
* drawing a person with head, trunk and
Legs* walking on a line
* bouncing and catching a large ball
*hopping on one foot
* steering a tricycle confidently
5years* forming letters, writing own name
* drawing around a template
* completing a 20 piece puzzle
* coloring in neatly within the lines* skipping with a rope * running fast avoiding any obstacles
* throwing and caching a large ball with
partner
6-8 years* sewing simple stiches
* cutting out shapes accurately
* tying and untying laces* ride a bike without stabilizers * balancing on a beam or wall
* chasing and dodging others
Intellectual development includes attention span, understanding information, reasoning, developing memory, logical thinking and questioning.

A child’s sensory and intellectual development is clearly linked to other development areas and the way human though processes develop. Children develop an awareness and understanding of the world through their senses.

As children mature, changes in their thoughts about their world can have a strong influence on their capability to cope with the strains of school and daily life. Their ability to process intricate information gives them the opportunity to learn new skills and gain new knowledge.

Children’s intellectual development can be supported by:
•...
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