Children’s and Young people’s Workforce level 2
TDA 2.1: Child and Young Person Development
Task 1 (1.1): Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: physical development
communication and intellectual development
social, emotional and behavioural development.
Answer to Task 1 (1.1):
When placed on their front, babies lie with the head turned to one side, the buttocks humped up and the knees tucked under the abdomen. Can turn from their side to their back.
Keep their head in a central position when lying supine.
If lying on their back can roll over onto their stomach.
When held standing, do so with a straight back.
When held on the floor, bounce their feet up and down.
Stand holding on to furniture.
Are generally able to walk alone.
Move arms up and down together when excited.
Can kneel upright without support.
Can climb up onto furniture.
Can jump from a low step.
Can build towers of nine or ten cubes.
Enjoy climbing trees and on frames.
Have a good control over pencils and paint brushes.
Use a variety of play equipment, including slides, swings and climbing frames. Can hop easily, with good balance
Are skilful in catching and throwing a ball, using one hand only. 9-12 years
Often enjoy participating in competitive sports.
Can skip freely.
Have an established writing style, usually with joined -up letters. 12-16 years
The head ,feet and hands grow to adult size first
The arms and legs grow in length and strength; finally
The trunk, the main part of the body from shoulder to hip, grows to an adult size. 17-19 Years
Will complete the process of physical maturation, usually attaining their full adult height. Will complete the maturation of secondary sexual characteristics, such as the size of penis and breasts. Communication and Language Development:
Make eye contact and cry to indicate need.
Need to share language experiences and co-operate with others. Cry in more expressive ways.
Squeal with delight.
Talk to them in a tuneful, sing-song voice.
Enjoy communicating with sounds.
Imitate adult sounds, like a cough or a ‘brrr ’ noise.
Understand and obey the command ‘no’
Speak two to six or more recognisable words and show that they understand many more- babbling has developed into a much more speech-like form, with increased intonation. 1-3 Years
Refer to themselves by name.
Talk to themselves often, but may not always be understood by others. Enjoy listening to and making music.
Still talk to themselves when playing.
Tell long stories, sometimes confusing fact and fantasy.
Are fluent in their speech and grammatically correct for the most part. 5-8 Years
Enjoy jokes and riddles.
Talk fluently and with the confidence.
Begin to understand book language and that stories have characters and a plot (narrative). 9-12 Years
Use and understand complex sentences.
Can read stories with increasing fluency.
Understand most common idioms.
Have a fast, legible style of hand writing.
Communicate in an adult manner, with increasing maturity.
Understand abstract language, such as idioms, figurative language and metaphors. 17-19 Years
Are able to process texts and abstract meaning.
Understand punctuation and can use syntax effectively.
Intellectual / Cognitive Development:
Explore using their senses and using their own activity and movement. Begin to repeat enjoyable movements, such as thumb-sucking.
Show an increasing interest in playthings.
Understand the meaning of words such as ‘bye-bye’, ‘mama’ or ‘dada’. Show some understanding of the emotional state of their mother’s or main carer’s voice. Take an increasing interest...
References: 1. http://www.jigsaw.org.nz/Site/Help/Development/ages_and_stages.aspx#top
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