International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities Vol. 2, No. 2 (2012), pp. 21-29 www.irssh.com ISSN 2248-9010 (Online), ISSN 2250-0715 (Print)
Teachers’ Stress, Performance & Resources The Moderating Effects of Resources on Stress & Performance Anwar Khan (Corresponding author) PhD Student: Faculty of Management and Human Resource Development, University Technology, Malaysia. Lecturer, COMSATS Institute of Information, Technology, Attock, Pakistan Zip Code: 81310 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Ishak Mad Shah Head Department of Department of HRD, Faculty of Management and Human Resource Development University Technology, Malaysia Zip Code: 81310 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Sadaf Khan PhD Student: Faculty of Management and Human Resource Development, University Technology, Malaysia Zip Code: 81310 Email: email@example.com
Shafiq Gul Assistant Professor, COMSATS Institute of Information, Technology, Abbotabad, Pakistan Zip Code: 22010 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (Received: 02-09-11/ Accepted: 08-01-12) Abstract In today’s knowledge economy the importance of education has been worldwide recognized. All developed countries are spending a major part of their budget on education. Within education system of any country, teachers have vital position, as the success of educational institutions is mostly dependent on teachers, who educate the most valued assets of country, i.e. students; therefore the teachers’ performance is fundamental concern of all educational institutions. The teachers’ performance is negatively influenced by different stress contributing factors which either exists within or outside the educational institution, that impede the performance of teachers, resulting in lower individual as well as institutional productivity. The present study has carried out a non-systematic narrative overview of the teachers’ stress, performance and resources by conceptualizing them for understating the phenomenon of “moderating effect of teachers’ resources on the teachers’ stress and performance”. It has been found that the teachers’ stress is a reaction of teachers to the unwanted environment factors furthermore the performance of teachers is both tasks and non task related. The teachers’ stress negatively affects the performance of teacher by lowering the productivity of
Anwar Khan et al.
individual teacher and of educational institution. The teachers’ resources act as moderator by minimizing negative effects of stress. The educational institutions should focus on teachers’ problems through understanding teachers’ problems and also providing proper support to the teachers for dealing problems. On other side the teachers by themselves should learn to adjust to the demands of teaching profession. Together teachers, educational institutions and society as whole can ensure the success and growth of educational institutions for the socio-economic development of a country. Keywords: job stress, teaching profession, educational institutions, teachers’ performance, teachers’ resources
Teachers are the most valued assets of any country. They impart knowledge and skills to the students, who after completion of their studies, join the different sectors of country and start contributing towards the development of country’s economy. Recent global changes have resulted in creation of new challenges in shape of global competition, technological advancements, quality assurance, standardization and cost minimization, which have hardly hit the each and every sector throughout world; the educational sector has no exemption. The academician working in different educational institutions are under immense pressure to meet the expectations of their customers, no matter either these customers are students, parents, or employers. In this process of meeting the expectations of customers, the teachers are exposed to certain unwanted internal or external environmental factors, which hamper...
References: International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 2, No. 2 (2012), 21-29
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