Term Paper

Topics: Childhood, Developmental psychology, Child development Pages: 13 (2800 words) Published: September 11, 2013


“If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.” ― Nelson Mandela

“Your children can be around you all day, but if you don't spend quality time with them and you don't pay attention to them and talk to them and listen to them, it doesn't matter that they're just around you.” ―Brandy Norwood

“The man who does not read has no advantage over the man who cannot read.”  ― Mark Twain


Language and literacy development does not begin in the first day a child attends school. Human beings develop language, even before actual words are formed in spoken language. From the time of birth, children's literacy is influenced significantly by their family and environment. Their teachers serve as only one influence on the road to developing adequate literacy skills.

This term paper is about the factors affecting development: early language stimulation, literate communities and environment; story reading that helps you to know how children acquire language and become literate. It enables you to understand how children learn language, the role of others in supporting this learning, and how a child becomes a reader and writer. Learning language and becoming literate are shown to be social, interactive processes. []In some cases, it also appoints people who live and work with very young children to interact with them in an appropriate way and to provide developmentally appropriate experience to support their development. Therefore, the vital role of others in supporting children’s learning is emphasized throughout this term paper.


* To be ableto acknowledgeand understand these factors affect the language and literacy development of a child.

* To be aware of how these factors affect the feelings of the child.

* To be able to know how these factors affect the actions of a child as it grow and learn.

Children likely to develop literacy skills when the day they born. However, there are several factors that affect a child to develop and master the language and literacy; these some factors are in the following:

1. Children living in poverty

One of the most significant factors affecting children’s learning and development is growing up in an area of social deprivation. Deprivation has a negative impact on educational attainment. In the long term children who grow up in poverty leave school with fewer qualifications and skills, which in turn affects jobs and employment. Poverty is linked to poorer health and has been shown to have a negative impact on engagement with society; for example, an increased likelihood that an individual will engage in criminal activity.[]

2. Income and material deprivation

A low income has been shown to mean a lack access to books, computers, and other reading materials and space to study quietly. It affects the quality of the home environment and neighborhood as low income restricts where families can live. There may be no quiet spaces in which to work to or sleep and this has an impact on emotional well-being. Children’s diets may be inadequate because of lack of money, and poor nutrition can lead to physical changes that affect cognitive ability and performance of the brain. []

3. Health

Low birth weight is more likely in children from lower socioeconomic groups and this is associated with risks to cognitive and physical development throughout childhood. Poorer children are likely to suffer poorer health throughout their childhood, including chronic illness. []

4. Cultural and social capital, and the experience of schooling

Some research has suggested that a lack of social and cultural capital leads to low attainment for children living in poverty. I am suggested that children from lower socioeconomic...

References: Neaum, S. (2010).Child Development for Early Childhood Studies.Southernhay East,
Britain: Learning Matters Ltd.
Fabes, R.& Martin, C. L. (2011).Discovering Child Development.USA: Houghton
Wasik, B. H. (Ed.) (2012). Handbook of Family Literacy.Third Avenue, New York:
Routledge.2nd ed.
Rhyner, P. M. (Ed.) (2011). Emergent literacy and language development: promoting
learning in early childhood
Neaum, S. (2012).Language and Literacy for the Early Years.London: Learning
Brown, A. I. (2010). Children of Teenage Mothers: school readiness outcomes and
predictors of school success
Nisha, M. (2009).Milestone of Child Development.India: Kalpaz Publication.
VanderVen, K. (2011). Promoting Positive Development in Early Childhood: Building
Blocks for a Successful Start
[ 3 ]. Neaum, S. Child Development for Early Childhood Studies. Southernhay East, Britain: Learning Matters Ltd. 2010. p132.
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