Chapter: 17 Or Does It Explode
The Civil Rights Movement lasted from 1955-1965. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1965, guaranteeing basic civil rights for all Americans, regardless of race after nearly a decade of nonviolent protests and marches, ranging from 1955-1956 Montgomery bus boycotts to the student-led sit-ins of the 1960s to the huge March on Washington in 1963. The Civil Rights Movement happened during the 50s because it was the returning of the African American veterans from World War II. This was also when they began demanding equal rights. Also, during the 50s, this is when people saw the rise of Martin Luther King Jr. and the nonviolent protest movement. Another event the Civil Rights Movement was Rosa Park’s stance in Montgomery Alabama. The Civil Rights Movement was also during the 60s because this is when the efforts of civil rights activists began paying off as Presidents Kennedy and Johnson finally addressed the issue. In the 60s, Martin Luther King Jr. along with the presidents Kennedy and Johnson gave speeches on television. The speeches expressed the principled of the modern Civil Rights Movement. The black mobilization could do that only because broad layers of the black population had given up fighting for reforms within the framework of this system; they were not afraid to confront and threaten the social order of the American bourgeoisie, the class that rules this society. Many things were finally exposed in the late 50s and through the 60s, like the poor conditions at black schools and the Board of Education. During the 60's, African Americans got a sense of self-being. They realized that while their position had improved somewhat, they were still discriminated against and treated like 2nd class citizens, however, the slave past was behind them, and they started to believe and act like they were equal, as is their right. But in all revolutions it takes a few people to stand up for the belief of many for example Rosa parks, Dr....
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