The Developing Child

Topics: Developmental psychology, Child development, Psychology Pages: 7 (2686 words) Published: April 3, 2014
Unit 2-the developing child
For children aged 4 years old, they are expected to be at a certain stage of development such as knowing and expecting emotions, this includes knowing which emotion is which and telling people what emotion they are feeling, for example if they cry they know they are upset and if they are angry they will know how to react and deal with that emotion. If they are annoyed they can take themselves out of the situation to calm down and sit on their own. It also includes sharing toys and games and turn taking. At the age of 4 children feel that if other children do not want to be around them then they are unwanted and they may lack in confidence. Children aged 4 also tend to start copying movements and actions of other children and adults, this could be good or bad as they can be easier influenced, especially by bad behaviour. Four-year-olds also show further progress in their social interactions with peers, such as by smoothly joining in a group play situation, being sympathetic to others, or suggesting ways to resolve conflict. For children aged 5 years old, they are expected to be at a certain stage of social development such as knowing right from wrong, honest from dishonest, they can play make-believe and dress up, they will mimic adults and look for praise, seeks to play rather than be alone because friends are important and plays with both boys and girls but sometimes prefers the same sex.A child will notice a lot about being a boy or girl and often the sexes will play separately. At this age, children love to play together, rather than playing by themselves. At the age of 5 Children can feel symthetic for other children and they understand when other children are in pain or upset and they may help to resolve what is wrong with them.A child aged 5 will be able to recognise when someone is upset, angry or need to be comforted. They can identify any emotion within children or adults any will know how to react correctly to the emotion they are showing. A child can now be reasoned with. He/she can ask serious questions, and wants to be taken seriously. He/she will often ask for your permission before theydo something, because they are starting to learn about rules and the idea of being right and wrong. A suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 is running records, running records are a factual, detailed, written account over a span of time. Actions are described and quotes are recorded as precisely as possible. Commentary or interpretation about the recording is written separately from the actual account. The recorder decides to observe and write for a period of time, focusing on one child or one area. The running record is written as the events are happening, while the anecdotal recording is usually written shortly after the event. A running record may be used if the nanny or parents have specific concerns about a child. . Running records are used to document a child’s actions and words for a period of time, you must include the date, location and start and stop time of the record. An advantage of a Running Record could be when understanding not only what behaviours occurred but also the context in which the behaviour occurred. A disadvantage of a Running Record could be that the running record may make the adult unavailable to facilitate or observe what is happening in the rest of the room because attention is focused on the recording.

A child’s social development may be affected positively and negatively for example having siblings younger or/and older.. Children’s social development can be affected by younger siblings as the child might get jealous as the younger sibling is having more attention, this could lead to them acting out around friends and teachers. Social development in children can be affected in many ways such as if their parents are splitting up or going through a divorce or anything related to that, this can make a child very...

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