The Philippine Administrative System
When talking about Philippine Administrative System, first thing that comes to mind is about the government and its political divisions in the country. It is about the nations’s political hierarchy such as the central government, provinces, municipalities and barangay. However, these divisions and subdivisions can be attributed to our past history. It is not a plant that simply blooms from nowhere. The Philippine Administrative System is dynamic, shaped and evolved through time. From Spanish colonial period to the present administration, the mode of bureacracy is adopted, patterned and improved depending on the needs and wants of the administration. Needs, in terms of the welfare of the society. Wants, in terms of what do the current administration wanted, personally, for his society.
We already learned our history from the first time we set our feet in the school. We learned that we were colonized for over 300 years by the Spaniards and that our heroes fought for a long time just to bring back our freedom. After 1896, we had a short-lived independence before we were colonized by the Americans. The Philippines was colonized indirectly as opposed to the direct control of Spaniards during the Spanish period. Americans had its strategies to control us. They allowed the Filipinos to oversee the government with their help without us knowing that they still controlled us. Then, we had our independence in 1946 which was the start of what we can be called Filipino independence. Filipinos started to spearhead and governed our country. Past Philippine presidents had their own way of governance though they are still embracing the American’s bureacracy. Those things were learned and studied however, more indepth realization regarding the administration was not discussed. Upon reading modules 1-3, I am enlightened that the Philippines Administrative System is not only about learning our history and strengtening our sense of nationalism but it also understanding the notions behind our administrative system. It is about the how’s and why’s unlike the what, where and who concepts back in our elementary days. It allows us to distinguish and differentiate the past from the present enabling us to apply for the betterment of the future administrative systems. These modules put emphasis on the organization, planning, implementation in a bureacratic form of government and indepth meaning of national identity and national consciousness.
National identity is the sense of belonging to the country. It can strengthen the nation through tough times. However, the Philippine Administrative System lacks its own identity. We only let a group of people to control us. According to Prof. Felipe M. De Leon, Jr. (2011), a small elite minority has always governed our country and controlled our economy and resources that resulted to to a mutual distrust and hostility between the elite-led government and the people. A good examples is the traditional politicians, also know as “trapo”, because most of them belong to the elite class. Elite theory explains that the economic elite holds the most power in public policy making. Filipino masses do not have the connection with the government. The elite class is the ruler while the other variable is the masses who are the one being ruled. Elites cannot simply identify the needs of the masses if they will not go down to the norms of the masses. This only shows that colonial mentality is still in our roots. Colonial mentality can destroy our national identity. It only proves that we are still in a captive state. Captive by the elite class. Even the elite performs their duties and responsibilties, without connection to the masses, Filipinos do not feel that they belong in the society. Thus, national identity cannot be certainly identified.
National consciousness started the during the Spanish period when the GOMBURZA was executed in 1872. Filipinos started to...
References: De Leon, Felipe M., Jr. 2011. The Other Dimensions of Corruptions in the Philippines. http://www.ncca.gov.ph/about-culture-and-arts/articles-on-cna/article.php?subcat=13&i=380
Fanon, Frantz. 1961. “Chapter 3: The Pitfalls of National Consciousness”. The Wrenched of the Earth. http://www.marxists.org/subject/africa/fanon/pitfalls-national.htm
Reyes, Danilo R. 2003. “Public Administration in the Philippines: History, Heritage and Hubris”. Public Administration in the Philippines: A Reader.
PM 208 Course Manual.
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