electronic information system
A system which stores information from internal and external sources to facilitate better decision making. The data is collated in a database and the user can access the files to glean better information as a basis for decision. The system may include fiscal, social, economic, scientific or technical data geared to support a firm's operations.
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A classroom or schoolroom is a room dedicated primarily to teaching or learning activities. Classrooms are found in educational institutions of all kinds, including public and private schools, home schools, corporations, and religious and humanitarian organizations. The classroom attempts to provide a safe space where learning can take place uninterrupted by other distractions.
For lessons that require specific resources or a vocational approach different types of classrooms both indoors and outdoors are used. This allows for learning in an authentic context that fosters the natural development of the particular vocational skill. This is known as situated learning. Classrooms can range from small groups of five or six to big classrooms with hundreds of students. A large class room is also called a lecture hall. A few examples of classrooms are computer labs which are used for IT lessons in schools, gymnasiums for sports, and science laboratories for biology, chemistry and physics. There are also small group classrooms where students learn in groups of about 7 or
A university classroom with permanently installed desk-chairs, green chalkboards, and an overhead projector. Most classrooms have a large writing surface where the instructor or students can share notes with other members of the class. Traditionally, this was in the form of a blackboard but these are becoming less common in well-equipped schools because of new alternatives like flipcharts, whiteboards and interactive whiteboards. Many classrooms also have TVs, maps, charts, Pencils, books, monographs and LCD projectors for presenting information and images from a computer. In the past, schools and institutions would often have one computer lab that served the entire school only at certain times of the week. Computers in the classroom itself increase interest in learning and awareness of the importance of what is being taught. Children are less likely to feel that a subject is archaic if the teacher uses new technological instructional techniques, increasing the students’ interest in learning something new. A study shows that children taught with the integration of technology improved in testing significantly over those who did not. The Classroom of the Future is an education project in the United Kingdom. Twelve local education authorities sharing about £13 million to develop around 30 pilot projects. The buildings have roughly three classrooms in them, which contain enough laptops or tablet computers for each person. The classrooms are designed to be environmentally friendly. The buildings contain toilets which use rainwater, and use windturbines and solar panels for electricity and heating.’’' Decor and designty5
The layout, design and decor of the classroom has a significant effect upon the quality of education. Attention to the acoustics and colour scheme may reduce distractions and aid concentration. The lighting and furniture likewise influence study and learning.
A classroom at Hainan Medical College, Haikou City, Hainan, China. Historically, relatively few pupil centric design principles were used in the construction of classrooms. In 19th century Britain, one of the few common considerations was to try and orientate new buildings so the class windows faced north as much as possible, while avoiding west or southern facing windows, as in Britain northern light causes less glare. Desks were often arranged in columns and...
References: Chilikin, M. G. “Ispol’zovanie tekhnicheskikh sredstv v uchebnom protsesse.” Izvestiia vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii: Radiotekhnika, 1963, no. 4.
Sbornik dokladov Moskovskogo energeticheskogo in-ta po voprosu ob effektivnykh metodakh obucheniia, parts 1–2. Moscow, 1966.
Rostunov, T. I. Programmirovannoe obuchenie i obuchaiushchie mashiny. Kiev, 1967.
IU. N. KUSHELEV, I. M. GLYZDOV, and V. N. ERMAKOV
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All right
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