1.1) Development is holistic. There are many various areas of development and each area of development is individual in its own right. Even though they are individual, all of the areas of development are interlinked and they do not operate separately. To conduct activities and to partake in everyday occurrences, more than one single area of development is needed and involved in order to participate during these everyday events. It is important that as a childcare practitioner, these areas of development are recognised and understood so the services and activities we provide can be adapted and therefore, made appropriate for the child in order for them to grow and develop the necessary skills to develop to their full potential. It is important however, to remember that every child is an individual and therefore should be treated as one. They should not be categorised by these patterns of development that are outlined and at what age this stage of development should be reached. Every child develops at different rates and so as a childcare practitioner, it is our responsibility to help the children to develop further by recognising the individuals areas of development that may need assistance to progress too and using the age and stages of development as a guideline. By recognising areas of development and at what age this should be roughly reached, it allows any areas of development that may need to be assisted to be reached to be observed and any concerns in a child’s development to be highlighted.
Physical development 0-3 years
Babies are born with a range of reflexes. As the child develops, its movements become more controlled as their body grows stronger and their muscle tome increases. Usually, by the time the child is one year old, they are able to sit up and are mobile, can reach objects and handle them well and with ease. Children usually start walking around the age 0f 12 to 15 months. As the child’s development progresses, larger gross movements are gained before smaller more fine movements, their fine motor skills. These progressions and movements are made possible due to formation of the bones in the body and them starting to harden. This is a process that continues until the end of adolescence. Between 18 months and 3 years, children may be ready to start toilet training. This is due to the brain developing the ability to send and co-ordinate messages between different parts of the body. Toilet training and this stage of development is dictated by the brains stage of development and how well it can send the necessary signals to and from the brain. The same development is needed to gain the ability to walk without bumping into objects. Intellectual, learning and communication 0-3 years
At 1-6 months, cries are voluntary and communication becomes apparent via facial expressions such as smiling and starting to make noises and gurgling at carers. Will start acknowledge the source of the sound by moving eyes towards it and raising their head. Children of this age, learn to shout to attract attention. They become more vocal and start to babble and repeat sounds. At this age, a baby is learning through their senses and discovers and explores their environment through their mouth. This stage is known as the sensory-motor period. At 6-9 months, children start to play around and experiment with sounds. Communication is still mainly through babbling, gurgling and laughing and the frequency of this form of communication increases. Simple words are starting to be understood and they recognise their own name. At this stage, exploration of objects and the environment is still done through the mouth and now also the fingers and touching. Children at this age may start to behave and act strangely towards strange people and also strange situations. Children begin to understand cause and effect of their simple actions and activities. Imitation of actions and sounds occur at this age and the child becomes more...
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