unit 004 out.2

Topics: Childhood, Psychology, Developmental psychology Pages: 5 (1588 words) Published: August 31, 2014

003.1.1a Describe with examples the kind of influences that affect children and young people's development including their background

Some of children 's development seems to be determined by their genetic code, but there are factors that might affect children and young people dvelopment after they are born is also important.


1.) Background:

Parents play a hughe part children young people development. There are many factors linked a child's backgroung that can affect their development.

Family dynamics:

It is the way in which a family lives and interacts with one another that creates the dynamic. That dynamic , whether good or bad, changes who people are it burrows into their psyche, ultimately influencing how they view and interact with the world outside of their family. The perfect family does not exist. There are many different influencing factors / or combinations/ that can alert the family dynamic- for better or worse- beginning with the relationship between the parents.


Influences can also include the number of children a family has, an absent parent, alcoholism, chronic illness, disability, substance abuse, physical abuse, death, social-economical status, divorce, unemployment, family values, parenting practices and the list goes on.


The culture that a child lives in adds yet another element to this already complex mix. For example, while Western cultures tend to focus more on individualism, Eastern cultures are known for having a greater collectivist focus, meaning that the culture stresses the needs of the community as a whole over the needs of each individual.


Such cultural differences can lead to dramatic variations in how children are raised. Parents from Western cultures might stress the importance of their child developing a strong sense of self- esteem and independence, while parents from Eastern cultures might focus more on how their child can contribute to the family unit and to society as a whole. No matter what the child's surrounding culture might be, the parental strategies used are designed to produce children who can meet the goals and expectations of the culture in which they live.

Roles / Parenting styles /:

Just as in any other situation where people are expected to coexist, family members, most especially children, begin to take on particular roles within the family. These roles could very well be the due result of their family dynamics, and have little to do with conscience choice. Depending upon their position within the family , including their birth order, the roles quicly become an indelible part of the given dynamic. In many disfunctional families, especially those experiencing serious issues such as alcoholism, you will find the perennial peacekeeper, the scapegoat/ irresponsible child, the family hero/the responsible child, the caretaker and the mascot. Each role has a very specific duty to its family, and it is nearly impossible for a child to separate himself from it.


Merriam-Webster /☞ footer/ defines codependency as a psychological condition or a relationship in which a person is controlled or manipulated by another who is affected with a pathological condition (as an addiction to alcohol or heroin); broadly: dependence on the needs of or control by another. Codependency is by definition a dysfunctional pattern of living and problem solving developed in childhood by family dynamics. It is a source of great emotional stress and pain that can lead to chronic mental and physical illness.


Negative patterns and behaviours are naturally passed down from generation to generation if nothing is done to remedy those...
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