Unit 1 Child and Young Person Development

Topics: Childhood, Developmental psychology, Puberty Pages: 11 (3597 words) Published: June 13, 2012
Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: physical development, communication and intellectual development, social, emotional and behavioural development. The expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years has many areas of development, starting from birth. 1.2

Describe, with examples, how different aspects of development can affect one another. 0-3 years
Social, emotional and behavioural development
New born babies often cry when they are hungry, tired, hurt, in need of nappy changing or just for some attention. This is because new born babies have no way of communicating as they do not know how to speak, see properly and understand things. A child at the age of 1 year is able to recognise who his/her main carers are; this helps the child to recognise familiar faces. They can become upset and cry if they are left with someone who they do not know. By the time children are aged 3 they are usually able to play fairly with other children, have less ‘temper tantrums’ otherwise known as ‘terrible twos’ and they are also able to tell the difference between boys and girls such as family members or friends, this also helps them to recognise people and also gain an understanding of their environment. Physical development

New born babies are able to see but vaguely for example faces and hands will look fuzzy, they are able to stretch out arms and legs, turn their head and respond to bright lights and sounds. Children aged 1-2 years are often crawling, shuffling or in some cases walking by this age, they can begin to explore and be able to enjoy more things. Sitting up alone and feeding themselves and using their hands to touch and pick up objects lets them discover different textures. At age 3 children are able to run, climb and play with scooters/bikes/tricycles; they are able to walk upstairs, dress and undress themselves. Communication and intellectual

From birth to 2 years babies often cry for basic needs, make vowel sounds such as “aah” and “googoo”, they can laugh and respond to different tones of voice which helps them with their communication even though they are not able to speak which may cause tantrums. Instant reactions to certain voices and noises, they can understand a few words such as 3 letter words like dog and cat, they can also know their own name, respond to simple instructions and make simple sentences and be able to choose activities. From 2 to 3 years the child will learn many more words and be able to say more difficult sentences, their speech tends to improve over time so at this point you’ll be more likely to understand them. Be able to have a conversation and be very interested in stories being told to them, if they like something they will remember it, which is very good for their memory. 3-5 years

Social, emotional and behavioural development
At 3 years old a child can imitate adults and friends, spontaneously show affection for familiar friends and family members, understands concept of "mine" and "his/hers", they can take turns while playing games, they are able to express more of their emotions so they can acknowledge what they like and dislike, they will also object to major changes in routines for example going to nursery, this will be very daunting for them if they do not interact very well with other children. At 4 years old they become more interested in new things, helping them to explore and learn, they start playing family games which helps improve their knowledge of life, they are able to dress and undress themselves which helps them to become independent as they don’t have to rely on mum or dad, they become more interested in ‘fantasy’ and cartoons, they often cannot tell the difference between real life and fantasy but they will realize at some point. At 5 years old many children are experiencing having friends at school, they tend to want to please their friends, act like...
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