Unit 1 Child And Young Person Development

Topics: Childhood, Developmental psychology, Child abuse Pages: 11 (4517 words) Published: April 14, 2015


“Child and Young Person Development”

Support Teaching and Learning in Schools, level 2

Karolina Piera

Loughton 24th November 2014

Child and Young Person Development
“Child development is not a matter of a single topic, but progresses somewhat differently for different aspects of the individual”. (Wikipedia, Child development) Children and young people’s development is not just a single issue. It encompasses the whole range of interactions between adults and children and between peers and includes the social, cultural and family factors that may influence how a child’s development progress. Obviously young children will take time to develop their skills and there will be many errors along the way in their development. That is why it is important to know that child development is a complex range of aspects, factors and influences. As a Teaching Assistant you need to be able to support learning and development of all children as this is your main focus of your role. In order to deliver your support you need to be able to recognise and name the main stages of child and young person development. When working as a Teaching Assistant you could support a whole group of kids, a class or support individuals. Therefore accurate observations and assessments are necessary to enable you to understand all areas of pupil’s development. Although all children and young people are different and develop at own rate there are development charts created, that indicate specific ages to help teachers and teaching assistant to understand the basic patterns of children’s and young person’s development ( Kamen, 2010). Kamen (2010) also states that the stages of development of 0 to 19 years for each age range, are divided into five different aspects: Social

Physical
Intellectual
Communication
Emotional and behavioural
And age ranges are as follow:
0 to 3 years
3 to 7 years
7 to 12 years
12 to 16 years
16 to 19 years
Aspects of Development
Social Development
Social development determines how children relate socially and emotionally to other adults, teachers or their peers. Children need to learn how to deal appropriately with range of people, situations and emotions so in other words, develop their social skills. This process involves: Acceptable behaviour patterns

Self-control and discipline
Independence, including self-help skills e.g. feeding, toileting, dressing Positive relationships
Understanding rights, feeling and needs of others
Moral concepts e.g. understanding the difference between right and wrong. Physical Development
As young children grow they go through changes in body shape and features from helpless baby to wobbly toddler to very active 4 year old. After the changes of early childhood, the next major change is puberty when kids become a mature females and mature males. As children grow, their bodies are affected by what they drink and eat as well as by their physical development and their abilities to perform different physical activities. These physical activities involve gross motor skills, fine motors skills and coordination. Gross motor skills involve whole body movements. Examples of gross motor skills include: walking, running, climbing stairs, hopping, jumping, skipping, cycling, and swimming, climbing play apparatus, playing football, basketball, hockey, rugby or tennis. Fine motor skills involve whole hand movement, wrist and fingers. Examples of fine motor skills include drawing, painting, writing, model-making, playing with wooden/plastic bricks, cutting with scissors, doing/undoing buttons, shoelaces. Coordination involves hand-eye coordination, whole body coordination and balance. Examples of hand- eye coordination include: drawing, painting and writing, cutting with scissors and whole body coordination incudes: walking, cycling, and swimming. Intellectual Development

Intellectual development involves gaining, storing,...

References: BURNHAM, L. (2011) Brilliant Teaching Assistant. ISBN 978-0-273-73442-0
http://www.education.com/reference/article/environmental-influence-children-behavior/ (Accessed: 15th November 2015)
http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/physical-factors-influence-child-development-18318.html (Accessed: 11th November 2014
http://www.healthvisitors.com/parents/link_emotion&behav.htm (Accessed: 11th November 2014)
http://www.homelearningcollege.com/docs/default-source/course-contents/ncfe-level-2-supporting-teaching-and-learning-sample.pdf?sfvrsn=2
KAY, J. (2006) Managing Behaviour in the Early Years. ISBN 0-8264-8465-4
KAMEN, T. (2010) Teaching Assistants Handbook level 2, Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools. ISBN 9781444121315
http://cirugialaparoscopicaavanzada.com/essays/describe-giving-examples-how-different-aspects-1504607.htm (Accessed: 10th November 2014).
En.wikipedia.org/wiki/child-development.
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