Unit 2 Assignment

Topics: Developmental psychology, Play, Child development Pages: 7 (3375 words) Published: December 3, 2014
Unit 2 Assignment.

E1+E2) Children at the age of 3-5 years old develop at different rates. For physical development a child at the age of 3 should be able to stand on one leg, kick a football, play catch with a large ball and even throw overhand. For their fine motor skills they are able to hold crayons and be able to stack eight or more blocks. At 4 years old a child should be physically be able to hop using only one foot, they can feed themselves using a knife and fork properly and climb outside on the climbing equipment. Children at the age of 4 years old can also thread beads onto a string, make shapes with the play dough and write numbers and letters with a pencil. The physical development milestones for a 5 year old are they can walk backwards, they can walk up and down the stairs using both of their feet without help. They can also skip, jump or hop ten spaces without losing their balance and keep their balance while standing on one foot for 10 seconds. For the fine motor skills of a 5 year old they should be able to use scissors to cut out pictures neatly, colour inside the lines if a picture and copy shapes and letters. There are social and emotional development milestones for 3-5 year olds too. For a 3 year old the social and emotional development milestones are they know what taking turns and sharing is but sometimes they will not be willing to do it, they might make up conversations with themselves and play make believe either with themselves or with others. A 3 year old may develop fears at night time and also they will play alongside other children and sometimes join in other children's play. Four year olds can have mood swings, for instance, they can be laughing one minute and crying the next minute. They like to be able to do things for themselves without any help from anyone. A 4 year old will want to dress up and pretend they are being someone else. Children this age will become particularly friendly with one person and only want that person as their friend. Also children this age will have difficulty with waiting their turn in group discussions and will show increased self centeredness. The social and emotional development milestones for a 5 year old would be they are able to take turns and share in groups. Their play will involve roles, props and costumes and become more involved. They are good at showing affection, especially with younger children and animals. They follow instructions when given to them, they like to entertain adults and children and love to make them laugh. They are not shy about talking about their achievements to others as they are very proud about them. (www.officeofchilddeveloment.co.uk) The physical development milestones for a 6 year old is that they can possibly perform some basic dance moves and follow movement patterns. They have developed stronger hand-eye co-ordination. They might be able to play a musical instrument and they can follow the rules of games much better than when they were younger as the games have more meaning to them and they like to play them properly. By the age of 7 years old children should be able to ride a two wheeled bike, they are able to spin, twist and turn while standing still on a spot. They can also perform simple chores like making a bed or sweeping the floor. (http://childparenting.about.com) For social and emotional development milestones a 6 year old should be able to make friends but may have trouble resolving disputes they may have so they may need a little help. They like having responsibility and helping others when the can. They like learning about the world and how it works, and they like to learn about people and about the relationships people have with each other. They like to have structure and a routine in order for them to feel safe and when behaviour is ‘over the top’, they need limits to be set so they know what is right and wrong and what they should be doing and what they should not be doing....

Bibliography: (www.officeofchilddeveloment.co.uk)
(www.thekidscave.org/child-development/arnold-gesell-theory-of-child-development)
(www.learning-theories.com/vygotskys-social-learning-theory.html
(http://wales.gov.uk/topics/educationandskills/earlyyearshome/foundation_phase)
(http://childparenting.about.com)
(http://www.homelearningcollege.com)
(www.chalkbucket.com)
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