Development from conception to age 16 years
The two areas of development that I have chosen are Physical development and intellectual/cognitive development (their learning process) for the age of birth to three years old. Each child is individual, and developmental miles tones should not be compared. Children can reach milestones early or late. Throughout their physical development they… In between birth an up to the age of two the child can:
Recognizes parents' voices, right from birth – birth to three months •
Sits with some support – three to six months
Stands firmly with help or when held – three to six months •
Walks alone and walks upstairs one step at a time – twelve to eighteen months •
Can run, climb, kick, and throw a ball – eighteen to thirty-six months At the ages of two to three the child can:
Child will be able to jump with both feet together.
Child will be able to hold “fat” crayons and scribble on paper. •
Child will be able to run and play chase.
Child will be able to ride a tricycle.
Child will be able to dress himself or herself.
Child will be able to climb.
Child will start potty training.
Child can feed himself or herself.
All primary teeth should have emerged.
There are many milestones in learning development during the ages of birth and three. The child should be able to do most of these things: At the ages of birth to 2 years the child can:
Discovers feet and hands and holds objects– birth to three months •
Shows interest in colours– three to six months
Mimics simple actions and other children or people– three to six months •
Names pictures in a book– twelve to eighteen months
Can count and use new words– eighteen to thirty-six months At the ages of two to three the child can:
Child will be able to understand the differences in sizes and textures. He or she will be able to differentiate between large and small, short and tall, soft and hard. •
Child will be able to say up to 50 words and make small sentences. •
Child will be able to name up to five different body parts. •
Child can tell you his or her name, as well as be able to identify some colours when asked. •
Child loves to engage in pretend and make believe play. E2
When children are in the age range of three to seven they have more enhanced Physical development and intellectual/cognitive development. At this age and stage of their physical development children at this age range are usually able to: •
Co-ordinated movement - running, catching a ball, throwing a ball etc – five to seven years •
Hands - should be able to grasp, fingers nimble – three to four years •
Facial expression should now be in full use -3 years
Jump, skip, hop and run confidently – 5 years
Ride a bike without or with stabilizers – 7 years
At this age the child should be able to do most of these things within their learning skills:
Enjoys counting up to twenty, and understands the concept of numbers up to three. – three years
Talks about things in the past and future. – four years •
Can sort objects into groups. – three years
Can give reasons and solve problems. – 6 years
Produces drawings with good detail for e.g. a house with windows, a door, roof and a chimney. – five years •
Asks about abstract words... for instance... ’What does “beyond” mean?’ – five years
“There are many factors that affect a child's development, and there are many theories that attempt to explain different developments in the life of a child. While no one theory is completely correct, all of them have valuable information that should be learned from them.” (http://voices.yahoo.com/theoretical-perspectives-child-development-588982.html , date accessed – 23/01/13) Physical development is linked to Arnold Gesell; he stated that development follows an orderly sequence and that biological and evolutionary history of the species decides the operation order of the sequence “children's development patterns...
Bibliography: Date accessed – 5/3/13 Stacey Neal(2012)
“Children are sometimes spontaneous, sometimes reserved; joyful now, sad later; friendly and reserved; competent and naïve; talkative and quiet
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