Topics: Developmental psychology, Child development, Childhood Pages: 9 (3482 words) Published: January 5, 2014

Development is about Pattern, influence, monitoring, interventions, and transitions the skills and knowledge of a child so neural growth affects the way that children are able to think. Personal factors that may influence children and young people’s development. There are many reasons and factors why a child is not following the expected pattern of development. Children may be emotionally unsettled due to a number of reasons. Family life plays a significant part in a child’s development. If for instance the child is living with parents who constantly argue and fight this will have an effect on the child and cause stress. Also if the child is from a one parent family there may be difficulties as a parent trying to juggle everything on their own may not have as much time to spend nurturing and boosting a child’s development.

The child may be at a disadvantage environmentally due to poor housing or area in which they live with little access to amenities which can cause stress to parents which will affect the child’s physical, communicative, social, and moral aspects, of development. Some children have a poor diet and this can affect their growth and affects the physical side of development. Also some children’s genetic code may affect the pattern in which they develop. This could mean that they are slower to develop but no reason is found. These all play a part cultural issues that may affect a child’s development as well as health status, disability, sensory impairment and learning difficulties are all part of looking at child development, we look at the following five Aspects.

Pattern, influence, monitoring, interventions, transitions within

Physical - This is how a child masters movements the child develops increased strength this will enable child to gain independence. Children will develop at different rates and in many different ways, although the sequence of how they develop is relatively the same. Communication – This is about learning to communicate with other people and understanding their communications. Talking, reading and writing and also use of gestures are all examples of skills that most children learn. Communication and language development are linked to cognitive development because more sophisticated communication involves thinking about what others are trying to convey as well as thinking about what you are trying to express. Social emotional and behavioural– This area of development is about relationships and also about understanding oneself. Being able to feel sorry for someone or knowing what behaviour is acceptable are examples of skills that children learn. This area is closely tied to cognitive and language development. Morals- this is in relation to social development children need to know what socially acceptable behaviour is, this will help to build a successful relationship. Understanding what is right and wrong is important to, boundaries in the setting should be clear.

Health Status - Delayed cognitive skills, poor concentration levels due to family life, personal problems, disability’s, if a child suffers from health issues such as asthma, it may make them unable to take part in activities which will affect the overall development. A child with learning difficulties, physical disabilities or sensory deficiencies (blindness & deafness) will make it unable for them to socialize and work with other children. This is a huge part in helping their development. They may also be withdrawn and made feel like they don’t belong. Many of the above have an effect on there health, this may be limited in what they can do, poor attendance due to illness which can then lead to problems building relationships in life feeling left out isolated. Sensory Impairment - Delayed interaction socially, delayed speech and language, difficulty listening in noisy environments, many children also face other challenges, such as medical conditions or...
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