Infants and children grow quickly but not as first as in the first 3 years. At this stage they develop different type of skills and their proportions are beginning to be more adult-like. They also develop sensory skills (sight, hearing, smell and taste). Manipulative skills (using the hands), they use hand-eye coordination (using sight and manipulative skills together), motor skills (crawling, running and walking).
At this stage they learn really rapidly. Children develop thinking skills, understanding what is going around them, numbers and language skills as they learn to read and write. They start to understand what is right and wrong (e.g. in snow white the stepmother is a bad person) and they start to develop a self-concept and the older they get they are able to carry out more logical activities. Moral behaviour is learning though being rewarded or seeing other people rewarded for being good. Children learn not to behave baldly if they being naughty results some sort of punishment. Jean Piaget (1896-1980)
Piaget was the first psychologist to make a systematic study of cognitive development, include a theory of cognitive child development.
Sensorimotor (0-2 years)- the child begins to interact with the enviroment. Properational (2-6/7 years)- the child begins to respresent the world symbolically. Concrete preratinal (7-11 years)- the child learns rules such as conservation. Formal operational (7-adulthood)- the adolescent can transcend situation and the concrete think about the future. emotional development
at this time children are able to share their toys or food with others. play together, form frndship with each other. they begin to be more independent and start to develop a sense of ‘self’ and start start to show sings of compession and empathy. children also start to develop the ability to talk about their feelings and their likes and dislikes.
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