Working Moms

Topics: Early childhood education, Developmental psychology, Psychology Pages: 9 (3043 words) Published: February 1, 2014
The employment of the mother has no significant effect on child development. A number of studies have shown that no connection has been found between the employment of a mother to her child’s development. These studies show that the mother working does not affect the child’s development, but other factors do. Some factors include: the quality of child care, compensating for the mother, and support of the child. These factors could affect the child’s physical and social behavior and the education or cognitive skills. The studies show that if all of the previously stated factors are to the right degree needed for the child, and have enough family time spent with the mother and child, the child should be fine. As the child grows he can hold his mother as a role model.

Child development is the biological, psychological, and emotional changes that occur between birth and the end of the teenage years. This is in a slightly predictable sequence, but is still unique for each child. Some stages may take longer for one child or could take little time at all. The normal development of children include: gross motor, fine motor, language, cognitive skills, and social skills. Gross motor is the basic tasks of the muscles to sit, stand, walk, and etc. Fine motor is being able to use the hands to eat, dress, write, and etc. Language is speaking, using body language, communicating, and understanding others. Cognitive skills are thinking skills such as learning, problem-solving, reasoning, and remembering. Social skills involve interacting with others, having relationships, cooperating, and responding to feelings of others (Boyse).

Child development is made up of six stages. The first stage is newborn, zero to four weeks old. During this stage the baby should uncurl his arms and legs, move his body more smoothly, gain better coordination, and move his body to try to get his parent’s attention. When the baby uncurls his limbs he will no longer be bundled or bunched together. As the weeks continue the baby will learn to move around to get his parents’ attention (Boyse).

The second stage is infant, which is four weeks to one year of age. During this stage the baby should be able to lift his head, turn head, follow a moving object with his eyes, grasp things, wiggle his limbs, make sounds, roll over, sit up, crawl, walk with assistance, and say his first word. Many of the more complex tasks happen around six months to a year old. The third stage is toddler, one to three years old. During this stage the child should take his first steps, wave bye, recognize names, play with others, and follow simple directions (Boyse).

The fourth stage is preschooler, age four to six. During this stage the child should be able to name colors, show affection, interact more with others, and recall part of a story. The child should be in an early educational program during this stage. The fifth stage is school-aged child, ages six to thirteen. During this stage the child should be able to dress themselves, tie his shoes, interact with larger groups, show rapid growth in mental skills, talk about his thoughts and feelings, and signs of puberty start to show (Boyse).

The sixth stage is adolescent, ages thirteen to nineteen. During this stage girls will be physically mature, and boys will be almost done maturing. This stage is where the child gets more interest in the opposite sex, have less conflict with parents, develop more intimate relationships, and show more independence from parents. All children develop at their own pace; the child should still meet some of the criteria for each stage. If the child is slightly behind do not be alarmed because they might just take longer in the current stage than others. How a child develops can be easily affected by factors of the outside world (Boyse).

Children are more vulnerable than adults and can be affected easily by things adults take for granted. Some of the things that can affect the child are biological...

Cited: Cooksey, Elizabeth, Joshi Heather and Verropoulou Georgia. Does Mothers ' Employment Affect Children 's Development. 2009. November 2013 .
Swain, Becky PhD. Factors Affecting Early Child Development. 2013. November 2013 .
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