Some of the ways that children have been viewed by society are dealt with in theories. For example, John Locke's theory stated that a child is like a blank slate and that it's experiences through life would fill that slate up. Jean Jacques Rousseau said that children's lives are predetermined and that a child's environment and the changes it went through helped to support this theory. Sigmund Freud believed that early experience caused what the child would be like later, while Erik Erikson felt that there was a less deterministic series of issues. He said each issue is important and that one built upon the others which would lead to later development.
These theories have made people aware of the processes of children which in turn has enabled researchers, doctors and parents to better understand a child and its needs. My opinion is that there is no one "correct" theory on the life and development of a child and that a certain part of each persons statement is true. I say this because I feel that anyone can watch a child for a period of time and draw their own conclusions. When all is said and done, I feel that with all of theories to be presented by researchers, humanity will never completely understand the mind of a child, but things will be a whole lot easier.
Three examples in which the composition of the developmental context influences the course of development includes development gives each person a developmental history, which influences the course of his or her future development. According to Erikson's theory in chapter one, the way a child negotiates the issues of a particular developmental period depends in part on development during earlier periods. Also, development provides a context for future development by changing children both physically and intellectually through the process of maturation. The transformations in physical and cognitive capacities that occur with maturation have a dramatic influence on how children interact with their environments. And finally, maturation as a context for future development can be seen in other periods, such as adolescence. The physical and cognitive changes at puberty lead to profound changes in teenagers' self-concepts, in their communications with parents, and in their orientations toward peers, including an emerging interest in sexual relationships. As stated in the book, a few of these can be related to theories. I would have to say that if you think about it, every idea or theory associates with the others to form one theory for child development.
Piaget's theory states that through sensory awareness and motor acts, a child's knowledge of the world is limited. And also that cognitive growth is provided by this interaction. Some of the methods that Piaget used to study children consisted of experiments. In one experiment, Piaget took a seven month old child and gives it a sheet of paper. Because of this the child learns about the effects that something has when it is changed. The child cannot speak about what he sees, however, it will know that what has happened will be tied to the rest of its life. Seven months later, Piaget brings the child back and his actions have changed dramatically. The child now reaches and inspects a drawing. This shows Piaget's view of children being "busy, active learners trying to understand their worlds". So it is said that a great deal of cognitive development happens in the first two years of a child's life. Certain actions to children trigger certain responses from children. I feel that starting the learning process with a child that young is wonderful. In my opinion, the mind of an infant is capable of interpreting more than an older child. However, I also think that the physical aspects of learning are not all that are important. The social frame of a child's mind needs education also.
Socialization can be described as the acquisition of the rules, standards and values of their society. In socialization there are...
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